Business Cycle Dating Committee, National Bureau of Economic Research

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Are you seeking sex without obligations? History of rail transport in Indonesia Indonesian Railways Co. Indonesia gained independence in , the separate systems except the Deli Railway were combined into the Djawatan Kereta Api. Indonesian State Railway Corporation in The prediction is it will be doubled in 5 years. Much of the branch lines constructed in the colonial era has been lifted up or abandoned in the s. No major railway construction has since taken place, however, many of the busiest lines have been double tracked.

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More educated online daters are more likely to positively assort. Abstract To identify the factors that influence educational assortment in an online dating setting, we analyse , participant contacts by 41, members of the Australian online dating web site RSVP over a four-month period. Consistent with prior research, we find that more educated online daters are consistently likely to assort positively homogamy meaning that they are more likely to contact potential mates with the same level of education.

Economics dating sites. She signed up for JDate, an online dating site for Jewish singles. “All kinds of people are doing it,” says Caploe, 54, a publisher who lives in New York City.

Great Depression What is the ‘Great Depression’? It began with the U. Economists and historians often cite the Great Depression as the most catastrophic economic event of the 20th century. This was a period when the American public discovered the stock market and dove in head first. In , the economic calamity hit both continents in full force. What Caused the Great Depression? The stock market crash wiped out nominal wealth, both corporate and private, and sent the U.

By increasing the money supply and keeping interest rates low during the decade, the Fed instigated the rapid expansion that preceded the collapse — much of the surplus money supply growth fueled the stock market and real estate bubbles. In fact, the panic of offered a similar scenario:

The NBER’s Business Cycle Dating Committee

The chronology comprises alternating dates of peaks and troughs in economic activity. A recession is a period between a peak and a trough, and an expansion is a period between a trough and a peak. During a recession, a significant decline in economic activity spreads across the economy and can last from a few months to more than a year. Similarly, during an expansion, economic activity rises substantially, spreads across the economy, and usually lasts for several years.

Why Tinder for Average-Looking Guys is a Waste of Time – A Financial Economist’s Perspective () submitted 4 years ago by Dfk8 No doubt by now, if you are under the age of 30 and not living under a rock, you have heard of the smartphone/tablet app Tinder.

Sexual economics theory analyzes sexual relationships in economic and market terms. Abstract Sexual economics theory analyzes the onset of heterosexual sex as a marketplace deal in which the woman is the seller and the man is the buyer, with the price paid in nonsexual resources. We extend that theory to analyze same-gender contests in that marketplace, and to elaborate the idea that what the woman sells is not just sex but exclusive access to her sexual charms. Women compete on sex appeal and on the promise of exclusiveness faithfulness , with the goal of getting a man who will provide material resources.

Men compete to amass material resources, with the goal of getting a good sex partner. Female competition includes showing off her sexual charms, offering sex at a lower price than rivals, seeking to improve her physical assets e. We review evidence of these patterns, including evidence that female body dissatisfaction and pathological eating patterns increase when women perceive an unfavorable sex ratio i.

Men compete in groups to amass resources, so men see other men not just as sexual rivals but also as coalition partners. Male homophobia is often not about sex but rather invokes the stereotype that a homosexual man will not be an effective coalition partner. Misunderstandings about whether sex or exclusivity is the central commitment can complicate marital adjustment for couples.

Previous article in issue.

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There has been substantial annual variation—from as much 4. What is more, there appears to be a downward trend, with the larger percentages coming in the mid s and the smaller percentages coming more recently. The following simple statistical procedure takes care of these objections.

“We went back and forth with them but ultimately we just couldn’t make the economics work,” she said. “We were very happy creatively with it. “They delivered what the fans wanted.

Online dating has become the 2 form of matchmaking in the U. Only meeting through mutual friends is a more popular way to meet a mate. The scientists, whose research is slated for publication in Psychological Science in the Public Interest , reviewed over psychology studies and public interest surveys. In one study, they found that in a single month in , nearly 25 million unique users around the world were online dating.

Studies in behavioral economics show that the dating market in Western society is grossly inefficient, particularly once people leave high school or college, he said. But there are downsides to looking for love on the web, according to Reis. Skimming over hundreds of potential mates can promote a “shopping” mentality, in which people are excessively picky and judgmental. Also, many online daters correspond with one another for weeks or months by computer before ever meeting face-to-face, which has been shown to yield unrealistic expectations.

Reis also said that claims by web sites offering a “science-based” approach that uses sophisticated algorithms to match people have not been supported by independent research. But that doesn’t seem to have affected algorithm-based sites’ popularity.

University of Minnesota Duluth

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Edmund Phelps, the winner of the Nobel Prize in Economics, is Director of the Center on Capitalism and Society at Columbia University. Born in , he spent his childhood in Chicago and, from age six, grew up in Hastings-on Hudson, N.Y. He attended public schools, earned his B.A. from Amherst.

He began playing the saxophone in elementary school. At one point, Clinton considered pursuing a career in music. In Hot Springs, Clinton attended St. He briefly considered dedicating his life to music, but as he noted in his autobiography My Life: Sometime in my sixteenth year, I decided I wanted to be in public life as an elected official. But I knew I could be great in public service.

In and , Clinton won elections for class president. Clinton was also a member of the Order of DeMolay , [13] a youth group affiliated with Freemasonry, but he never became a Freemason. He is a member of Kappa Kappa Psi honorary band fraternity. He had received an offer to study at Yale Law School , Yale University , but he left early to return to the United States and did not receive a degree from Oxford. In , Aller received a draft letter that mandated deployment to the Vietnam War.

Aller’s suicide had an influential impact on Clinton. I knew nothing about it, and when Frank began to describe the napalming of civilians I began to cry. Bill said that feeling bad wasn’t good enough.

Anarchist economics

In the past five to ten years, algorithms have been adopted by the financial sector and numerous other businesses that affect everyday lives, including dating. The traditional means of meeting and dating are slowly being replaced by websites and mobile apps. The underlying technology of dating apps is complex mathematical algorithms which connect users based on similar answers to a questionnaire. Not all dating sites work in this manner.

The NBER’s Business Cycle Dating Committee The chronology comprises alternating dates of peaks and troughs in economic activity. A recession is a period between a peak and a trough, and an expansion is a period between a trough and a peak.

Once upon a time, economists saw capital account liberalization–the free and unrestricted flow of capital in and out of countries–as unambiguously good. Good for debtor states, good for the world economy. Spectacular banking and currency crises in recent decades–from Latin America in the early s to Scandinavia a decade later to Mexico, Southeast Asia, Russia, and, quite lately, Argentina–have shattered the consensus.

In this remarkably clear and pithy volume, one of Europe’s leading economists examines these crises, the reforms being undertaken to prevent them, and how global financial institutions might be restructured to this end. Jean Tirole first analyzes the current views on the crises and on the reform of the international financial architecture. Reform proposals often treat the symptoms rather than the fundamentals, he argues, and sometimes fail to reconcile the objectives of setting effective financing conditions while ensuring that a country “owns” its reform program.

A proper identification of market failures is essential to reformulating the mission of an institution such as the IMF, he emphasizes. Next he adapts the basic principles of corporate governance, liquidity provision, and risk management of corporations to the particulars of country borrowing. Building on a “dual- and common-agency perspective,” he revisits commonly advocated policies and considers how multilateral organizations can help debtor countries reap enhanced benefits while liberalizing their capital accounts.

Capital Flows and Crises Eichengreen, B.

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Scope[ edit ] Definition and ontology of economics[ edit ] The question usually addressed in any subfield of philosophy the philosophy of X is “what is X? Similar considerations apply as a prologue to further discussion of methodology in a subject. Definitions of economics have varied over time from the modern origins of the subject, reflecting programmatic concerns and distinctions of expositors. While it is possible to respond to such questions with real verbal definitions, the philosophical value of posing such questions actually aims at shifting entire perspectives as to the nature of the foundations of economics.

In the rare cases that attempts at ontological shifts gain wide acceptance, their ripple effects can spread throughout the entire field of economics.

Economics, by definition, studies choices and selection given a scarcity of resources. Likewise, dating is a selection process by which two individuals determine whether they are suitable for long.

There were a few reasonable conversations and I did meet some nice people on it, but it definitely never progressed to the activities aforementioned, and I have since deleted the app as it is a complete waste of time. The purpose of this essay is for me to lay out my case as to why I believe Tinder to be a complete waste of time for average-looking men, in financial economic terms because this is the world that I understand. Also, you really can analyze anything using the framework that our great forefathers laid out — I am not alluding to Washington, Jefferson and Lincoln, but rather Friedman, Keynes and Markowitz.

It is also key for the understanding of this essay for the reader to understand that I am an entirely average-looking man. At least not anymore, I was known to wear my patented orange gym shorts to the bar virtually every weekend while in college. To properly analyze anything, we must view it from 3 different perspectives: The specific industry consumer staples, industrials, healthcare, although these are sectors rather than industries — the point remains illustrative enough The specific thing to be analyzed The market as a whole: When you enter an order through Scottrade or Ameritrade, there is so much demand for the shares that it is almost instantly executed and essentially at the price that you wanted.

I might swipe right on a 9, but because she is presented with so many profiles to choose from there is almost no chance that she will feel the same way about my goofy grin. Thus, you are not really going to meet more attractive women on Tinder than you would at any local watering hole. Maybe more of them, sure, but Tinder has been made to be this magical oasis where any man suddenly finds himself in the arms of Kate Upton with virtually no effort on his part.

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Scope[ edit ] Definition and ontology of economics[ edit ] The question usually addressed in any subfield of philosophy the philosophy of X is “what is X? Similar considerations apply as a prologue to further discussion of methodology in a subject. Definitions of economics have varied over time from the modern origins of the subject, reflecting programmatic concerns and distinctions of expositors. While it is possible to respond to such questions with real verbal definitions, the philosophical value of posing such questions actually aims at shifting entire perspectives as to the nature of the foundations of economics.

In the rare cases that attempts at ontological shifts gain wide acceptance, their ripple effects can spread throughout the entire field of economics. Economic methodology An epistemology deals with how we know things.

The NBER does not define a recession in terms of two consecutive quarters of decline in real GDP. Rather, a recession is a significant decline in economic activity spread across the economy, lasting more than a few months, normally visible in real GDP, real income, employment, industrial production, and wholesale-retail sales.

Joe Armao “Myself and another colleague were joking. It’s a concept that makes sense for some types of public transport. You want trains and buses to leave and arrive on time. But it makes next to no sense to count it as a benefit for commuters in cars, who can usually leave and arrive whenever they want. Suspiciously, it forms an important part of the claimed benefits for Sydney’s Western Harbour Tunnel and Beaches Link. And you can get more creative. You can add in the benefits of other projects tens of kilometres away as was done for the West Gate Tunnel.

You can add “wider economic benefits” to fill the gap that remains.

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Jesse McDonald has been found guilty of the murder of transgender woman Naomi Hersi. Twitter After a three-day sexual encounter, McDonald drugged Hersi then stabbed her to death with a knife and a broken bottle at a hotel near Heathrow airport where he was living. He then lied about it as he recruited his year-old girlfriend, Natalia Darkowska, to help clean up, jurors were told.

Chinese dating sites store thousands of profiles of authentic Chinese women make different economic and educational backgrounds. Therefore, it is always better to choose a provider of online dating software that provides an option to upgrade from the free life time.

Black People Meet Video Review Meet Bob and Christina Ever since we met on EliteSingles dating site, one of our favorite conversations is about what other ways could have brought us together. After three years of repeating this conversation, we have to admit, that there is no other way for a California girl to fall for born-and-raised Twin Cities boy. Meet Matthew and Elisha After a lot of thoughts and hesitations I decided to give online dating a chance and to sign up to Zoosk.

Just when I was about to quit on love, I saw a message from this guy, who wasn’t actually my type, but his message had caught my eye by saying: We are together ever since. Allison Dienstman Online Dating Editor A content writer and marketing strategist, Allison has over 8 years experience in writing and editing online reviews. She is constantly testing and reviewing a wide range of online services.

Jon Birger Interview: Why Many Women Are Finding a Shortage of Available Men.


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